Tombs of the Médici by Michelangelo
The Renaissance sculptor Michelangelo, between 1520 and 1534, makes the two funeral monuments of Giuliano and Lorenzo de Medici, Duke of Nemours and Urbino, in the sacristy of San Lorenzo in Florence. They have a pyramid shape.
They overlook the Medici after their death at the chapel. The whole program breathes Platonic ideology. Since the four Gods Rivers that had to be at the bottom, the personification of the four rivers of Hades and symbol of the material world, in the region of nature, depictions of Aurora, Day, Twilight and Night, memory of the four modes of life on Earth, the four seasons...
The attitudes of the rulers are the Platonic soul, vigilant and thoughtful. The tombs are attached to the wall. Play with the volume of the sarcophagus, statues and architectural elements. The two statues are arranged on each of the coffins in a position of unstable equilibrium.
Michelangelo Buonarroti is the typical Renaissance man, with a wide training, although he considers himself a sculptor. He learned in Florence. There are several basic characteristics. One is the terribilità, forced postures and high expressiveness with a vigor and a terrible look of anger as seen in the figure of David or Moses. There are also sculptures that seem unfinished, they are not as polished. This is the non finite. Michelangelo used various materials, but above and for excellence, the marble.
The sculpture of Michelangelo summarizes all the tests of Quattrocento, giving his works a stable body mass balance and movement. His style is constantly imitated in Italy and beyond.
Florence is the cradle of Renaissance sculpture. The Florentine sculptor is inspired by the classics, but without copying them, giving them new life. Before reaching the Cinquecento, in which the tendency to play the classics is accentuated, as long as there is a tendency to idealization, and that greater attention to the human body lends itself to bare itself exists in the Quattrocento a tendency to realism and individualization of the figures. As in antiquity, they will usually use bronze and marble.
In conclusion, they are sculptures that inspire some reassurance yet that the Medici are still alive.They are in the sacristy of San Lorenzo in Florence, Italy.