Scenes of the Kāma Sūtra in Khajurāho
In the Temple of Khajurāho, which is in a town of the same name in India, there are sculptural groups in sexually explicit positions depicting Kāma Sūtra, an ancient Indian text about human sexual behavior.
Some studies say they had an educational motive, which was to teach the Kāma Sūtra to younger people. For others, it symbolizes the marriage between the god Shivá and goddess Párvati.
These sculptures belong to the Hindu or Brahman period of Indian art, extending from the VIII century until the XIII century. After the invasion of the White Huns, India is again divided into small kingdoms that constantly fought against themselves. Buddhism lost strength against Hinduism, which was reinstated as the national religion.
About the sculpture in this period, it continued to develop in the reliefs of the temples, in single figures or narrative scenes, generally about the Hindu mythological cycles, but the erotic scenes abounded in sexually explicit poses, like these.
In India, the civilization began in the mid-III millennium before Christ, in the area of the Indus river basin, where perhaps there were Sumerian influences. From 1500 before Christ came the invasion of the Hindus, people of Indo-Aryan language, of whose merger with the existing population in India is born the Hindu civilization.
In conclusion, these sculptures are a unique artwork within the art. Sexually explicit positions are not common in Europe, which makes this sculpture a real novelty.
They are in the Temple of Khajurāho, in the town of Khajurāho, in India.