The Parthenon is a Greek temple, built in 438 before Christ, which was built by Ictino, Calícrates and Phidias. It belongs to the classical period, the second period of the Greek architecture, and it is one of the most important temples. It was dedicated to the goddess Athena, whom the Athenians regarded as their protector.
It is Doric, octóstilo (eight columns in front) and períptero (surrounded by a row of columns). The interior is divided into two rooms without communication. The opistodomos has four Ionic columns and it is where the treasure was kept, and the principal room had Doric columns and there was where the gold and ivory statue of Athena was. It is assumed that everything was polychrome, with sculptures in pediments, metopes and friezes. It is built with blocks of marble, stone placed, ie, without mortar, reinforced by metal staples. Neither the foundation nor the entablature are straight, but slightly convex. This was for visual effects, to sight seem more perfect.
About the Classic period, in the heyday of Athens, on the V century, stand on in the acropolis the most beautiful buildings of Greek art. Both styles, Doric and Ionic, reach their most successful achievements.
To an Athenian the entire city is art. There are several elements in the polis: the Acropolis, which was a walled enclosure where the temples and treasures were; the Agora, or public square; the Stoa, shops; sites and leisure and fitness center, arena, theater and stadium. Their most representative construction are the temples, whose beauty and perfection resides out the building. The Temple is intended to accommodate the anthropomorphic representation of divinity. It is not a place for the congregation of the faithful and therefore is small. It is divided into pronaos (porch), naos (rectangular room where the statue is a God), opistodomos (posterior chamber) and peristyle (colonnade around).
The birth of Greek culture and art were born between the IX and VIII centuries before Christ on the peninsula of Attica, the Peloponnese peninsula, the peninsula on the west coast of Asia Minor and the Aegean islands. The importance of their art and culture is enormous.
In conclusion, the Parthenon, althought what remain are practically ruins, still it’s not losing its value because its vast size and its beauty make it an artwork that would be even more beautiful being complete.
This temple can be visited in Athens, Greece.