The Rushana Buddha, also called Birushana Buddha, is a Japanese sculpture belonging to the Nara Period (710-964) representing Buddha. It is made of hollow dry lacquer, and its size is huge. It represents to Vaicorana, that is the transliteration of Sanskrit of Birushana. Vaicorana is a celestial buddha who is often interpreted, in texts like the Flower Garland Sutra, as the Bliss Body of the Historical Buddha. In Chinese, Korean, and Japanese Buddhism, Vairocana is also seen as the embodiment of the Buddhist concept of Emptiness. In the conception of the Five Wisdom Buddhas of Vajrayana Buddhism, Vairocana is at the centre.
During the Nara period, Japan's capital was established in Nara. In this era, had its apogee the Buddhist art, continuing with intensive Chinese influence. They saw in Chinese art an harmony and perfection similar to the European taste for Greco-Roman classical art. The city of Nara was built as a lattice mapping. It was of equally importance the imperial palace and the main monastery. About the sculpture of this period, stand out the colossal statues of Buddha.
Japanese art is an expression of Japanese culture, developed over time in various periods and styles that have been happening in chronological order, parallel to the historical, social and cultural development of the Japanese people. The major art forms have their origin in religion and political power.
In conclusion, this large colossal sculpture of Buddha is one of the most important Japanese Buddhist sculpture, although there are many more even with the different gestures. Still, this sculpture is the perfect complement to the Japanese temple where it is.This sculpture is in the Temple of Tōshōdai-ji, in Nara, Japan.