Cathedral of Worms
The Cathedral of Worms, or the Cathedral of Saint Peter, is a Romanesque cathedral with basilica plant with three naves and symmetrical intercolumnios (space between columns). Along with the cathedrals of Mainz and Speyer, is a so-called imperial cathedrals of Rhineland-Palatinate. It was started in 1125, but after attacks had to be restored several times.
The material that has been built is local red sandstone. The walls are of a similar color. It has a matroneo (balcony located on the inside) at the same height of the circular towers, and a stone roof with skylight windows. At the base of the columns, there are human and animal figures. The capitals are made of long leaves wrapped, called Strasbourg capitals.
The portals of the chapel of St. Nicholas and south one are Gothic. The portal of the chapel of St. Nicholas shows the saint patron of sailors and the sentenced to death. The south portal, Gothic also, has rich symbolism statues.
Out it has six towers, four cylindrical towers at sides and two on the central, with octagonal form, one on the west side and one on the cruise, east side. The church has a double apse to the west and east sides. The dark red color of the stone and smaller windows make the interior less bright. There are also monsters carved in stone.
In Germany the beauty of its Romanesque architecture resides in the elevation and breadth of its proportions. It follows the tradition of Ottoman art, which reflect the placement of the towers flanking the apse, and the frequency of double apses, one at the head and one at the feet. It is very often the use of brick instead of stone. There are three cathedrals that stand out above all, and are called the Rhenish group: Speyer, Mainz and Worms.
In Romanesque architecture dominates the wall above the opening. On the walls. small vaulted windows like loopholes are opened to let some light to come in dark interiors. The sense of classical proportion disappears, also the classical orders. Figures of animals and even human, real or monstrous and fantastic are there, and conform to the architectural framework with an educational and evangelical sense. The wooden roof is replaced by the vaulted stone. Buttresses appear on the outside. The bow used is the midpoint. The vaults more used are the barrel vault and the groin vault, and the decoration is geometric.
Romanesque art flourishes in the Christian West between the XI and XIII centuries, by country, as a result of the sum of the Roman traditions and oriental influences by the Byzantines or Arabs.
In conclusion, the Cathedral of Worms is one of the most beautiful Romanesque cathedrals. The first time I saw it, it impressed me, and never ceases to amaze. It is a building that I hope to visit someday.
It is in Worms, in Germany.